The McKinney-Vento Assistance Act provides certain rights and protections for families experiencing homelessness. Anyone who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate night time residence is homeless. Homelessness includes:
- “Doubled-up” living with friends or family due to the loss of housing, economic hardship or a similar reason
- Living in an emergency shelter
- Living in motels, hotels, or campgrounds due to a lack of alternative adequate accommodations
- Living in cars, parks, public spaces, or similar settings
- Awaiting foster-care placement
- Unaccompanied youth, under the age of 18, living without a parent or guardian
Homeless children have the right to attend school where they live or continue school where they became homeless and receive free transportation. They have a right to receive free breakfast and lunch. Basic school supplies are also available.